Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Total Quality Management Definition Essay Example for Free

Complete Quality Management Definition Essay All out Quality Management is a lot of the executives rehearses planned for meeting and in any event, surpassing requirements of clients and authoritative targets. The Japanese Industry began it in the 1950’s yet it picked up fame from the mid 80’s. TQM looks to blend authoritative capacities like creation, client care, structure and promoting, and has a solid accentuation on process estimation and controls as a method of constantly improving the items or administrations offered by the association. TQM depicts the way of life, mentality and association of an organization in the arrangement of items and administrations to fulfill necessities of clients. Quality is required with productivity and adequacy in activities and lessening misfortunes, limiting deformities and waste. Effect of globalization  As organizations get greater, there is an expanding interest for JIT (in the nick of time) the executives, which TQM grasps. This makes things move quicker, further pushing along globalization. This likewise requires the evacuation of bottlenecks underway bringing about high caliber. Globalization calls for things to be quicker, better (in such a case that youre not great, youre not using your intensity), and subsequently comes TQM reasoning, which grasps that. In any case, globalization has realized an interest for high talented work, which can't be found with laborers with low-level instruction, who are the larger part. Their business prompts low nature of work. Like that are associations, which need to reduce expenses on compensation and in this way utilize laborers with a poor instructive foundation. Seriousness is portrayed by high work costs; in this manner, low work costs are described by lower profitability. Ladies then again, are shockingly as yet captivating in low-pay and low-efficiency occupations, particularly in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia where womens support in the worldwide work advertise is behind. Use of TQM Both the administration and the workers can and ought to be associated with the procedure of TQM to improve the creation of merchandise and ventures. TQM ought to be driven by a reason and there ought to be an away from on the future vision of the association. TQM can likewise be utilized as a method of empowering the potential and inventiveness of a worker to be shown just as improving customers administration. TQM calls for associations to endeavor to constantly improve its procedures through aggregated information on laborers and their experience. TQM is effectively versatile, for example, it was from the outset a use of assembling activities however is presently even applied to the administration segment. As per Khurram Hashmi (2000), TQM is the establishment for exercises, which include: Duty by senior administration and all representatives Meeting client necessities Diminishing advancement process durations In the nick of time/Demand Flow Manufacturing Improvement groups Diminishing item and administration costs Frameworks to encourage improvement Line Management proprietorship Worker inclusion and strengthening Acknowledgment and festivity Testing evaluated objectives and benchmarking Concentrate on forms/improvement plans Explicit joining in vital arranging This shows all work force, in Manufacturing, Marketing, Engineering, Research and Development, Sales, Purchasing, Human Resource, and so forth, must practice TQM in all exercises. TQM depends on persistent improvement, both in vital arranging and in the execution of work. It looks to maintain a strategic distance from mix-ups and absconds and persistently improve results through expanding the associations assets. The significant territories including gracefully age, request age, innovation, tasks and individuals ability. It likewise keeps up that mix-ups can be distinguished and halted and reiteration forestalled through change. Usage of TQM A primer test, similar to an administration review ought to be done to asses the current state as far as hierarchical working and setting up where change is required. There ought to anyway be an inspirational mentality towards change or TQM would be incapable. Different conditions are steady funds, acceptable authoritative frameworks and administrative aptitudes and hopeful representative resolve If these conditions can't be met, it is prudent to defer the execution until when the association is sound enough with respect to these. Certain degrees of worry, with respect to individuals feeling a requirement for change are anyway required while executing TQM. Kanter (1983) portrayed certain structure squares, which ought to be available in successful hierarchical change. They incorporate takeoffs from convention, an emergency or electrifying occasion, vital choices, singular central players, and activity vehicles. Takeoffs from custom are moving from ordinary activities trying to take care of an issue. An emergency, similar to decrease in funds, may incite individuals to act. A vital choice like an arrangement following up on the emergency might be executed by a pioneer, who turns into the main player. The pioneer assumes responsibility for the new thought or plan and leads individuals in its usage. Activity vehicles at that point utilized and components set up to empowering the event of the change.    References Universal Labor Organization Report (Dec 9, 2005) Globalization neglecting to make new, quality occupations to lessen Poverty. Recovered from http://www.globalpolicy.org/globaliz/econ/2005/1209reduce.htm on October 3, 2007 Hashmi, K. (2000) Paper on â€Å"Introduction and Implementation of Total Quality Management† Retrieved from http://www.isixsigma.com/library/content/c031008a.asp on October 3, 2007 Martin, L. (1993). All out Quality Management in the Public Sector, National Productivity Review

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Should We Pay College Athletes Essay Example for Free

Should We Pay College Athletes Essay Would it be advisable for us to pay school competitors? That is a major theme in NCAA sports at the present time. Individuals feel that school competitors try sincerely and that they have the right to get paid. Michael Wilbon is one of these individuals. From the start he was against paying school competitors, however now he is in support of it. He says that he is keen on observing the individuals that make income share a little bit of it. At that point you have individuals like a columnist from the Daily Evergreen. He is against paying the competitors. He expresses that when you are an understudy competitor it is understudy first and competitor second, and that in the event that you begin paying school competitors it will put being a competitor first. I unequivocally believe that school competitors shouldn’t be paid for playing sports in school. Paying players to play sports in school can make players ruin their profession, cause the NCAA to be uneven, and would remove grants. The principal issue with paying school competitors is that it could destroy a school athlete’s future vocation. For instance, what happens when you give a little child cash? They spend it on garbage that they don’t need. So something very similar would occur with most youthful school competitors. Consider it, you’re giving a young person straight out of secondary schools a lot of cash to come a play sports at your school. Adolescents are not dependable with cash. A prime case of this occurrence is Josh Hamilton. Hamilton is an expert baseball player in the Major Leagues. He got drafted out of secondary school and marked an agreement with the Tampa Bay Rays for almost 4 million dollars. He got snared with an inappropriate people and wound up blowing all his cash on medications and tattoos. He even got kicked out of Major League baseball for some time. I feel this would happen to a great deal of player in school on the off chance that they got paid. Another issue with paying school competitors is that it will make the NCAA become uneven. It will make school sports simply like elite athletics. The schools with the most cash will have the best groups and the universities with the least cash will have the most exceedingly terrible groups. The opposition would crumble. Investigate proficient baseball for instance. The most generously compensated group in the Majors is the New York Yankees, and they are additionally the best. The most minimal paid group is the Kansas City Royals, and they are the most noticeably terrible group in baseball. New York has cash to purchase the best players out there, while the Royals don’t. They can’t get great players as a result of their spending plan. This is actually what might occur if school competitors got paid. The school with the most elevated financial plan would get the best players in the nation, while the school with the most exceedingly terrible spending plan wouldn’t h ave the option to get great players. This will make similar groups great and similar groups awful throughout each and every year. It would remove all the opposition. The third and last explanation that paying school competitors is an awful decision is that it would remove grants. Consider it, you are as of now paying school competitors to play by giving them grants. For what reason would you have to pay them more to play in the event that they have a grant as of now? You wouldn’t. Which implies that grants would be gone all together and that’s not reasonable for every other person? Shouldn't something be said about the individuals that are non-competitors? They wouldn’t have the option to get grants since they don’t play sports. This would make the understudy populace decline. Heaps of individuals can’t bear to go to the universities they go to. The main explanation they can go is on the grounds that grants permit them to. It’s not option to accept away the open door for less lucky individuals. So I imagine that paying school competitors is an impractical notion. It could destroy a players profession giving them a great deal of cash at a youthful age, similar to it nearly did to Josh Hamilton of the Texas Rangers. It would likewise make the NCAA be uncompetitive and turn out to be actually similar to the expert associations. Furthermore, in conclusion it would dispose of grants, which would accept away open doors of a great deal of understudies that are non-competitors Works Cited Chait, Jonathan. â€Å"Fixing College Sports: Why Paying Student Athletes Won’t Work† New York Magazine Mar.2012. Web. 29 Mar.2012 Hamilton, Josh, and Tim Keown â€Å"Beyond Belief† New York: Hamilton, 2008 â€Å"College Athletes Should Not Get Paid To Play† The Daily Evergreen Aug. 2011. Web. 29 Mar. 2012

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Podcast Recommendations by Concentration COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Podcast Recommendations by Concentration COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog As a SIPA student, your time is probably preoccupied with group meetings, scheduling group meetings, studying, rescheduling that group meeting because it coincides with that other group meeting, and reading for classes. This in itself is very time consuming, but like any curious-minded individual, you still want to make room for additional learning. It is common practice for professors to discuss current events and relate it to coursework material and its important to stay up-to-date.   Below is a list of podcast recommendations by concentration; feel free to share your own in the comments below. International Finance and Economic Policy (IFEP) Recommendations: Planet Money  from NPR  and Bloomberg Benchmark  by Bloomberg.   Why:  Planet Money does a really fantastic job of explaining current economic events in a very accessible and entertaining way. Case in point: this episode on the Argentinian debt crisis, A Hedge Fund, A Country, And A Big Sailboat. Definitely worth listening to, even if you have no background in finance or economics. Urban and Social Policy (USP) Recommendations:  â€œJustice in America”  by Josie Duffy Rice and Clint Smith, and  â€œStay Tuned with Preet”, by Preet Bharara. Why: Admittedly,  both podcasts are very U.S.-centered but given the current political climate in America, there is something noteworthy to discuss every day.  Preet Bharara is the Former United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York and was fired  from his post earlier this year (that is reason enough to listen in itself). Preet uses his career and background to provide insight into events, and frankly, its hard to keep up. For example, this episode on the testimony by Dr. Christine Blasey Ford and Brett Kavanaugh  which was recorded on Thursday, prior to Jeff Flakes  announcement on Friday that he would only support Kavanaughs confirmation following an FBI investigation. And for those international students who are having a hard time keeping track of all these developments honestly, we are too. Human Rights Humanitarian Policy Recommendations: Declarations: The Human Rights Podcast by Cambridge Centre of Governance and Human Rights. And “Ending Human Trafficking” by  Sandra Morgan Dave Stachowiak.   Why:  Both podcasts do a really great job of covering various human rights issues in a thought provoking way. Declarations is recorded at the  Cambridge Centre of Governance and Human Rights and is equal parts academic and practical. Ending Human Trafficking is more narrow in its focus but is remarkably in depth, for example, this episode, How to Champion Advocacy in Government, which discusses how electing more women to government is essential for crafting policy to eliminate human trafficking. Energy and Environment Recommendations:    The Energy Transition Show by Chris Nelder and Columbia Energy Exchange by Professor Jason Bordoff Why: The first podcast was recommended by current and former SIPA Energy and Environment concentrators. Chris Nelder discusses global challenges in energy   and depending on the episode, they are fairly easy to understand if you have no background or knowledge in Energy. The podcast conveniently ranks episodes on a Geek rating, with a scale of 10 being suitable to individuals with  highly specialized and technical knowledge in Energy (aka EE SIPA Students). The only downfall is that the podcast isnt free, but Ive been told that the quality of the content is good and well worth the subscription if you can afford it, or are are willing to forego one Halal cart meal per month. The second podcast is co-hosted by Professor Jason Bordoff (also founder of the Center on Global Energy Policy). International Security Policy (ISP) Recommendations: War on The Rocks  by Ryan Evans and Lawfare by the Lawfare Institute Why:  Both podcasts were recommended by a former ISP student, and given my very limited knowledge of the topic, I will let this direct quote which was definitely not sent via text speak for itself they have journalists and people working in the defense and intelligence communities discussing the most pressing national security issues of the day. Economic and Political Development (EPD) Recommendations: Pod Save the World by Crooked Media and Global Dispatches  by Mark Goldberg (editor of the UN blog UN Dispatch)   Why:  If you are an EPD concentrator and not yet listening to Pod Save the World, what are you even doing?! The co-host, Tommy Vietor, hails from the Obama Administration, where he worked for President Obamas National Security Council. Again, somewhat U.S.-centered I am starting to see a theme here but it does a great job of discussing foreign policy and the impressive guest list alone is reason enough to listen. Episodes are weekly and cover anything from Syria, to the politics of the World Cup. Notable mentions that didnt quite fit into any category: 99% invisible:  if you enjoy learning a great deal of incredibly specific information on the most esoteric topics as much as I do, then this podcast is for you! For example, did you know that nearly every statue in New York is modeled after Audrey Munson, an early 1900s model who went on to live a very eccentric life in upstate New York? Have you ever looked at a straw and wondered about its tragic ties to contemporary capitalism? Well, if you have, you neednt worry much longer! 99% invisible has you covered with this episode on the history of the straw. To be fair, the podcast is predominantly focused on design, architecture, and the history of things we wouldnt ordinarily think about (hence the name 99% invisible). Either way, youd be surprised at just how fascinating the history of the ballpoint is. Fun fact: the Bic pen accounts for the largest percentage of ballpoint pens currently on the market (this is a great conversation starter at SIPA parties, btw you are welcome!).

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Sexuality Sexuality And Sexuality - 1249 Words

Sexuality Sexuality affects people through defining who they are and how they express themselves. People experience sexuality in a wide range whereby some people get considered as very sexual while others do not experience feelings of sexual attraction at all (Darroch et al. 205). The sexuality of a Person can get influenced by culture, family, media, religion, experiences, and friends. No matter how sexuality gets considered important to a person, each has desires, thoughts, values and attractions that are considered unique. Every person’s sexuality is different, and it is not as simple as straight or gay. Some individuals only get attracted to one sex while others get attracted to a diverse group of individuals irrespective of their†¦show more content†¦Reasons against Sexuality According to McClintock and Anne (23) groups that are against sexuality with regards to its education in schools argue that such kind of education grabs parental rights, and it encourages premarital immoral sexual promiscuity among the young people. These groups that only advocate for offer abstinence programs that instill shame and fear to discourage teenagers from engaging in sexual activities; they do not offer information regarding how teenagers can protect themselves from diseases and pregnancies. Arguments against Sexuality Opponents of sexuality suggest that sexuality education causes sexual experimentation because the educators do not have the required skills to handle the issue. Some sexuality programs are also considered to begin too early in life when kids cannot understand the issues, and it makes the opponents feel that parents should be the right people to handle sex education for their children. To some extent, the education of sexuality gets viewed as too controversial to get handled by schools and institutions. The opponents believe that the controversial nature of the subject has made people not to acquire moral attitudes from the programs making the sexuality education a failure (Sprecher and Susan, 33). They also argue that it is not right to teach the young children all the details regarding sexual intercourse

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Secretive World Of Espionage During The Civil War

When you think of the Civil War you think of bloody battles, muskets exploding, bayonets sinking into enemy soldiers, and people giving their lives for the sake of either the Union or Confederate States and what they believed in. But most people do not think of one very important factor in the Civil War. Espionage. Throughout this paper we will be exploring the secretive world of espionage in the Civil War from both of the opposing sides. The first battle of the Civil War occurred at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, 1861. (civilwar.org). The war started over the secession of the Southern states. In December of 1860, South Carolina seceded. From January to June, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas,†¦show more content†¦Webster was arrested and hanged in April 1862 in Richmond, Virginia. (civilwarsignals.org). Another important spy was Elizabeth Van Lew, also known as â€Å"Crazy Bett†. â€Å"She ran the largest and most successful spy ring concentrated in any city.† (civilwarsignals.org). One of her team’s operatives was a freed slave who became a servant for the Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The slave worked in the Confederate White House to eavesdrop on Davis and his visitors. (civilwarsignals.org). â€Å"An equally infamous Union espionage leader was Brig. Gen. Lafayette C. Baker, chief of War Department detectives. As the bullyboy of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, he shadowed, apprehended, interrogated, and imprisoned a multitude of Washingtonians, many on the merest suspicion of disloyalty. Though personally brave, Baker was a ruthless, unsavory character whose high-handed methods and unassailable power made him feared even by associates.† (civilwarsignals.org). One of the most famous female spies of the Union was Sarah Emma Edmonds who got into Confederate camps close to Yorktown, Virginia, dressed as a black slave. Another was the less successful Pauline Cushman, a n actress and double agent who undeservedly became known as â€Å"Spy of the Cumberland.† (civilwarsignals.org). Two others were William A. Lloyd and Thomas Boyd. They were Southern transportation agents who were able to go to Richmond, Savannah, Chattanooga, and New Orleans. Lloyd carriedShow MoreRelatedSurveillance : The Act Of Surveillance1526 Words   |  7 Pagessurveillance has become important part of business operation or road safety management due to video recorded proof in case of any crime. We stand at an age where nothing is anymore private or personal in terms of data and information confidentiality. The world is torn apart in two, one who supports Mass Surveillance in the name of security and the other despises such surveillance as it is harmful to right to privacy. 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They can trace the suspect with only few clues withinRead MoreEssay about Wikileaks and Julian Assange3373 Words   |  14 Pagescontext. Castells (2007) even argues that in this digital age, people are able to expand their local communication activities to interactive global communication in chosen time. Consequently, this new communication realm has conceptualized people of the world into a networked society. In other words, the globe is now â€Å"a global village† by way of a single click (McLuhan, 1962, as cited in Berger, 2007 ). One of recent Internet phenomenal, yet controversial, entities is Wikileaks. Since its first introductionRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesAre You Feeling Right Now? 98 Self-Assessment Library What’s My Affect Intensity? 104 Myth or Science? We Are Better Judges of When Others Are Happy Than When They Are Sad 107 glOBalization! Should You Expect â€Å"Service with a Smile† All Around the World? 108 Self-Assessment Library What’s My Emotional Intelligence Score? 115 An Ethical Choice Schadenfreude 120 Point/Counterpoint Sometimes Blowing Your Top Is a Good Thing 122 Questions for Review 121 Experiential Exercise Who Can Catch a Liar? 123

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Applying the Background and Methodology of the Research Process Free Essays

Jonathan Hoffsuemmer A serious problem seen by nurse practitioners that work in rural areas is teen pregnancy. A peer-reviewed research paper published by The Journal for Nurse Practitioners entitled â€Å"Who Will Listen? Rural Teen Pregnancy Reflections.† There are both medical and social concerns that occur with teen pregnancy. We will write a custom essay sample on Applying the Background and Methodology of the Research Process or any similar topic only for you Order Now Teen pregnancy statistic shows that teen mothers give birth to premature babies with low birth weight. The social aspect is teen mothers do not complete high school and lives in poverty. These situations rank high in abuse and neglect with teen parents. Definition of the Problem Rural areas show the highest rate of teen pregnancy compared to state rates, which produces a problem that researchers are questioning why this rate is higher in the rural areas. The Theory of Adolescent Sexual Decision Making (TASDM) is the basis this research was conducted to resolve. This theory has two main objectives that include the risk-promoting environments teens experience and exposure to risky situation that create the situations teens use to justify sexual behavior (Weiss, 2012). The problem with teen pregnancy produces premature birth and low birth weight in the babies. A medical problem with teen pregnancy is the medical expenses incurred with both teenager and infant. These statistics indicate that teen pregnancy result from family with no insurance and no means to pay the medical expenses teen pregnancy incurs. The social problem teen pregnancy presents are that teen mothers tend not finish high school. Teen pregnancy results in low income rates, the need for higher public assistance, poor educational, behavioral, and health problem in children. Study Purpose The purpose of the study is to understand the decision-making of teens and why teen pregnancy is higher in the rural areas of the country. The TASDM theory indicates that environment promotes the situation of peer influences, substance use, and media influences (Weiss, 2012). The study will focus on the thought process of teens as to why teens make the choice become sexually activity and risk the consequence of becoming pregnant. Research Question The researchers are studying the question of why teen pregnancy is higher in rural areas. Teen pregnancy occurs because of the lack of prevention that teens do not use and why teens make these types of decisions. The essay directions were for students to indicating if the teens thought there was a teen pregnancy problem in the community (Weiss, 2012). The researchers’ directions were only one question to determine the thought processes of both male and female teens regarding teen pregnancy. Hypothesis The study does not state a hypothesis, but strives to understand why there is a higher rate of teen pregnancies in rural areas. The study will evaluate the difference between boys and girls views about teen pregnancy. The study only has one main focus, but the study derives different variables of the hypothesis. The study reviews the thoughts as to how teens perceive sex as good, bad, or ambivalent. Study Variables The two variables in the study are independent and dependent variables. The independent variables in the study are the essays that the students wrote defining their views about teen pregnancy in rural areas. The dependent variables are the reasons teen pregnancies occur, which include the idea of  whether sexual activity is good or bad. The study reviews the conception teens have of sexual activities, which studies the prevalence regarding beliefs, consequences to actions, and consequences to others (Weiss, 2012). Conceptual Model or Theoretical Framework This study uses the theoretical framework for the study. The theoretical perspective of study analyzes the answers obtained from participates against the Theory of Adolescent Sexual Decision Making theories. These theories measure the decision-making teens use in determining the risk of teen pregnancy. The theoretical framework weights the consequences associated with the risks and how teenage boys and girls perceive teen pregnancy. These perceptions that teens are reporting in the study are weighted against the two ground theories of risk-promoting environments and risky sexual behavior. â€Å"Using constant comparative methods, the data were analyzed using the MAX Qualitative Data Analysis © software† (Weiss, 2012, p. 805). Review of Literature The literature review of the article addresses the issues of low parental guidance as a significant factor to teen making risky behavior decisions. The fact that rural areas indicate that teens view there is nothing much to do is a contributing factor to teen pregnancy. The education regarding sexual behavior and prevention methods were noted to be lacking in the rural areas. This factor indicates that financial support to provide for after school programs contributes to the notation that there is nothing to do for teens. This is a contributing factor to the higher rate of teen pregnancy in rural communities. Study Design The study design was conducted in Florida involving 125 10th grade students. These students consisted of both male and female from age 15 to 17. The students were from an English class and were asked to write an essay on if they thought teen pregnancy was a problem in their community. The teens  wrote the essay during an English class in high school. This study was conducted with the approval of the institutional review board, teacher, and administrator. 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Saturday, May 2, 2020

Leap of faith free essay sample

A little girl runs fast across the parking lot, vibrant red sneakers slapping the rough pavement. Her sparkling purple barrette, nearly hidden among a shock of black hair, bobs up and down in time with each resilient step. A stream of bubbling laughter trails behind her. She closes her eyes and drinks in the rushing wind that to her sounds exactly like a conch shell pressed tight to her ear. Her small arms stretch the very widest they can go, and she pretends they’re her wings. In the thrill of the moment, she doesn’t notice a slight depression in the asphalt ahead—so insignificant that no grown-up would pay it mind, but the perfect size for a small, five-year-old’s shoe. Her toe catches, and as if in slow motion, the barrette falls from its precarious position atop her head. Her small body tumbles forward, and she opens her eyes to the sight of hard ground only a few inches from her face I stand at the back of the runway, heart pounding as I grasp the pole. I am not content with blending in with the crowd. I am driven to make a difference. I grew up on Beaver Lake, 300 acres of the bluest water imaginable. I sailed, swam, and played on the beach. My more scientific love for water began with the seventh grade science fair. I tested the water in the area watershed for nutrients, pH level, and turbidity and spent time taking samples of water from each body of water, testing the water, and recording results. Before high school, I volunteered for three summers testing the water and gained an appreciation for the lake I took for granted when I was younger. My findings led to professional water testing for algae and precautions to lake residents about swimming in unhealthy water. In tenth grade I wrote a research paper for a chemistry class. By talking to DNR officials and performing research, my knowledge of lake water health and its effect on surrounding life forms expanded. My years at Cornell University will let me plunge even deeper into the water. I look forward to participating in internships and in programs such as the Cornell AguaClara Project. These programs fulfill my desire to learn about the engineering of water resources in real life situations. My experiences traveling outside of the United States will sculpt my problem-solving and entrepreneurial skills and give me an appreciation for others. What matters most to me is the positive impact I can make on the world. Every time I encounter a new challenge, a single image pops into my head: a bell. Its far enough away that if I don’t try hard enough, I will never reach it. It doesn’t matter if the last time I tried I didn’t quite make it, or if I sailed through the air with ease. I am always determined to jump for that bell.